Dangerous foods for parakeets

It’s natural to want to share  foods with your parakeet, and there any many vegetables, fruits and other “human” foods that are perfectly safe and beneficial for your parakeet to eat. However, there are also several that are dangerous foods for parakeets or even deadly.  These must be avoided with great care.

never feed a parakeet

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10 tips for getting budgies to take a bath

I’ve already written a post with 5 bathing methods, but I’ve found in the intervening months that there are way more bath types to try, which is great, because your budgie will probably only find one or two of them acceptable. Getting budgies to take a bath can be a challenge, but the reward of your budgie getting clean and loving it is well worth the struggle. Keep in mind that you may have to offer the bath type several times over the course of weeks before your parakeet decides to give it a try.

  1. The hanging bath – hanging wet greens inside the cage can be a very comfortable way for your budgie to bathe. Not only are they in the safety of their own home, but the wet greens tap into the part of their wild brain that sees it as a very natural way to bathe. I have written a post about how to make a hanging bath, there’s a learning curve and you want to make sure the bunch is secure enough to withstand multiple budgies’ weight and quite a lot of abuse.
  2. Misting – get a small misting bottle and gently spray your budgies with water. Make sure to completely empty and dry the bottle in between uses so it doesn’t get mold. Depending on how your budgies react you can either spray lightly above their heads so they barely notice, or you may be able to spray them more directly. Some parakeets grow to really enjoy bathing this way. Not mine, so much, but I know they are out there!
  3. Shower perches or putting the entire cage in the shower. To be fair, I haven’t tried either of these, every time I try taking our parakeets into the bathroom they lose their stuff. We have a big mirror that’s flat to the wall in there and I think it’s just too much for them to deal with
    a. Shower perch– these seem to be mostly intended for larger birds to me, but I have heard of budgie owners showering with their birds. I think the key here is that the birds are not directly under the flow of the water but are adjacent and get a nice warm mist.
    b. Putting the entire cage in the shower – If you have a small enough cage, or a large enough shower, this would be an efficient way to clean both cage and budgies at once. My main cage is way too massive to even consider attempting to put it in the shower. Additionally, I have a hard time imagining my parakeets dealing with all the stimulation gracefully. I also don’t know how the heck you would get it completely dry afterwards, and I think you’d have to remove most toys and perches beforehand. But, I feel like it warrants a mention because every time people talk about baths someone chimes in and says this is their go-to.
  4. Greens on a shallow plate – get some dark leaf lettuce, kale, or any other green, wash thoroughly and lay them out on a shallow plate, pour just a little water over the greens and plate. The first few times we did this I had to lure the parakeets into the water with millet but once they were there they got the picture and bathed. Like the hanging bath, this probably feels very natural to them.
  5. Cup your hands under a running sink – make sure the water pressure isn’t too hard and the water is not very hot. If you cup one hand at first and have your other hand splash around in the water it may be easier to generate interest. My budgies will sometimes go for this, but they usually just drink a lot of water and do no bathing at all! You also don’t have to involve your hands at all, but could put a shallow Tupperware, bowl or whatever they like under the flow of water.
  6. Shallow Tupperware or bowl – Either with greens or without, whatever is preferred. I offer shallow bowls of water a couple of times a week and every so often Kelly will just hop in and take a very good bath with no warning. It probably only happens about once a month but she gets completely soaked and it’s lovely.
  7. The Lixit bath – I don’t know what it is about this bath but I’ve never seen a bad review. (In fact, here’s my review). It’s easy to install and if you mount it on the outside of your cage you get very minimal water mess inside. I think the budgies like bathing high up, and apparently, they also like bathing in see through things.
  8. Cupped hands with greens – this was the first bath Toby ever took and it was entirely accidental. My mom was over and she offered Toby some wet lettuce as a snack cupped in her hands. Toby hopped on and went into full bath mode, puffed out and deranged looking. She was probably thinking “what took you jerks so long, I’ve felt so dirty”! We’d never seen a parakeet taking a bath before and briefly thought she was broken.
  9. Mirror at the bottom of Tupperware – this is a cute variation on the Tupperware and would also work with a reflective bowl. The budgie thinks that she is bathing with a friend and it may help her to get into bathing and/or feel more secure.
  10. Catit Flower Fountain – this fountain has been all the rage lately in a Facebook parakeet group that I’m a part of, so of course I had to try it too! While I can’t say it was an immediate hit, like it has been for others, we definitely had some intrigued parakeets and they liked drinking out of it. I think it will take a few more exposures before I can render judgement but it was super fun to try and if you have friends with cats you could always gift it to them if your budgies don’t like it.

So there we have it, the extended bath ideas list. I’m guessing that 6 months from now I’ll be posting an update with 20 unique bath ideas! Good luck to everyone out there in getting some cleaned up budgies, don’t let their resistance get you down, just like introducing vegetables and fruits it can take a long time for parakeets to get over their initial trepidation and get down to enjoyment.

Cooking eggs for parakeets

Everyone knows by now how much I hate cooking of any sort. But, I realized that I should at least be cooking the occasional egg for my parakeets. Eggs are a great source of protein and beyond that it’s a good idea to keep parakeets lives’ enriched with new experiences and a varied diet. So – although I rarely step into the kitchen for my own cooking, I decided to make eggs for my parakeets, and found that it’s easy enough even I can manage!

First of all I had to figure out how to cook the eggs. Initially scrambling seemed logical, because I could easily mix the scramble with millet or fruit or really anything they’ve enjoyed before, thus increasing the chance of acceptance. On the other hand, I couldn’t figure out how to make a successful scrambled egg without adding butter to the pan, or some other type of oil that they really shouldn’t have. Of course we don’t use Teflon, so the egg would be sure to stick.

Then I realized it would be much easier to hard boil the eggs and mash them up. I bought a 6 pack of eggs, and then they expired, so I bought another carton of eggs, and let those expire too! I know that food waste is terrible and I have a lot of guilt over those 12 eggs, but it’s an accurate illustration about how much I avoid the kitchen at all costs and how little we use eggs in my home in general!

On the third carton of eggs I decided it was time. Here’s how to make hard boiled eggs
– Fill a pot of water, cover it and put it on your range on high heat. Make sure your birds are safely stowed in another room or in their cage.
– Wait for it to come to a rolling boil
– Once boiling is achieved, put eggs in water and don’t re-cover. I used a pasta spoon so I could gently float them into the water. One broke, I’m not sure if it’s because they were right out of the refrigerator and very cold.
– Set a timer for 10 minutes
– When the timer goes off remove eggs from boiling water and place somewhere to cool. Do not serve your budgies eggs that are still very hot! Be sure to turn off your burner too.
– After the eggs have cooled for quite some time, shell one and mash it. The whites and yolk can both be eaten by parakeets. I mixed some millet in with mine so they would be more likely to try it.

Put the rest of the eggs into the refrigerator where they will be good for one week. After one week they should be discarded.

I did my usual song and dance to sell the parakeets on the new food while shelling and mashing the eggs. Their plates were all dirty already and they had to have their egg in a bowl so that may have hampered their interest. They did both try it, even if it was only by accident while digging through for the millet.

Since the eggs are good for a week, I have devised a plan to get them more interested. On Saturday morning when I take their seed out to change it I will put back in mashed up egg and some veggies with seed or millet mixed in and hopefully they will be so hungry for their breakfast that they’ll feast on eggs and veggies.

I know, I know, you’re saying to yourself “Kristen that is basically the definition of “chop” and you said you’d never make chop because it’s way too difficult”. That’s true, but somehow starting with the egg base and thinking of it as a Saturday treat makes the concept a bit easier to handle. We’ll see if I actually manage to make it happen anyhow.

At the very least I am now comfortable with boiling eggs, and I’m excited to add another dimension to the parakeets’ diet.

How to tell if your parakeet is nervous or scared

It can be a little difficult to tell what your parakeet is feeling, especially when you are a new parakeet parent.  There are a few physical “tells” that will let you know if your parakeet is anxious or scared, which they frequently are in a new environment, or even after years in your home because of their instincts as prey animals.  Being able to tell when your parakeet is afraid can help you know when to back off and give them space. Remember taming your parakeets is not a sprint, it’s a marathon!

  • Flapping/flying like crazy around their cage. This will probably happen the first few times you put your hand in the cage. Unless your new friend was hand-raised he probably views your hand as a terrifying predator. If this is the case I recommend only going in the cage for essential maintenance in the beginning, and otherwise spend a lot of time showing your parakeet your hand from the other side of the bars.  Let them examine it from a safe distance without you moving your hand. Offer millet through the cage bars once they are able to tolerate your hand being close to the cage without fear.
  • Panting is another indicator of a fearful parakeet. Kelly still does this occasionally but it was much more frequent when she first came home. A panting parakeet breathes with their beak slightly open. It may look “cute” or like they are trying to speak, but no sound comes out.  If you have a clipped parakeet who pants when they are out and about with you they are overwhelmed and would probably like to go back to the safety of their cage.
  • Fear poops: A fear poop is a very watery poop that doesn’t have another explanation like just having taken a bath/eating a lot of veggies or being ill. These are frequently very easy to ascertain the cause of, if I disturb Kelly during an afternoon nap she fear poops right away. The watery fear poop should happen one or two times in a row, and then normal poops will resume once they are over being startled.
  • Very sleek feathers and wide eyes. This is more Toby’s style. If she’s startled by something all her feathers get very very flat and she will stand up at attention with her eyes wide open. She also goes to one of what we call her “fear spot” in the cage; which is randomly on the cage wall next to one of the water bottles. She stays there until she feels the danger has passed.

You may never be able to tell what scared your parakeet in the first place.  Many times I think mine are set off by things they see or hear outdoors through a window, but I’m not sure. Other times it’s the cord on the vacuum, or even my husband or I appearing somewhere unexpected. They got really freaked out the other day when I came home through the “wrong” door.

But, if you’re watching for the signs of fear you can at least know when something has already spooked them, and help them get back to their cage if needed, or try to pinpoint the cause of their concern and eliminate it for them.

Where should you get your first Parakeet?

So, you’ve read up on caring for parakeets, researched everything they need and thought about how you can integrate a cage into your home.  And after all that, you still want to become a parakeet parent!  Now all that’s left is to find your budgie.  There are a few ways to get a parakeet, let’s explore some pros and cons to each.

Bird rescue or shelter:
There are a lot of huge “pros” to rescuing a parakeet, namely that you are changing the life of that bird forever.  Many parakeets are surrendered to shelters and rescues; there is a misconception that parakeets are quite easy to care for, short-lived, or not disruptive.  Of course none of these things are necessarily true.  In order to have physically and mentally healthy parakeets you have to provide a lot of physical objects and a lot of your time. Parakeets can live from 15-20 years, which is equal or greater than many dogs and cats. Parakeets cannot match the noise level of, say, a sun conure, but they can be very loud and their voices are not always pleasant.

For these reasons and countless others parakeets are frequently surrendered and you will easily find many in need of new homes.  A rescue near me currently has upwards of 10 parakeets that need new homes.

There are some cons to a rescue parakeet:
– many rescues will not allow you to adopt a single parakeet, which makes sense, because parakeets are flock birds and can be quite miserable living solo, even if their human flock spends a lot of time with them.  I agree that parakeets should not be kept solo, but I concede that new owners may wish to try bonding to a single parakeet for their first.
– Rescues will potentially want to do a home visit, which is again totally reasonable, but might be off-putting. Ultimately they are just trying to make sure that you are ready for parakeet parenthood and not visiting your home to be judgmental, but again, I see a home-visit as a potentially intimidating prospect!
– They may expect you to provide vet references and/or the name of the vet you will take the parakeet to.
– The budgies available for rescue will almost certainly not be babies and may be more difficult to bond with and tame, depending on their prior circumstances.

Reading over the list of cons it might seem like I am not in support of bird rescues!  Far from it, I hope my next parakeets are from a shelter or rescue. I simply want to point out all of the due diligence the rescues undertake to ensure the parakeets are not surrendered to them again and again in an infinite loop of unprepared owners.

Local or home-based breeder:
Selecting your parakeet from a small breeder will guarantee you get a very young parakeet. Some home breeders hand feed the babies, and some let the parents deal with feedings but make sure the babies are introduced to humans as early as possible and are handled as frequently as is healthy for them.

Either way, a small breeder baby will have had way more positive experience with humans than a parakeet from a big box pet store or possibly even a rescue parakeet.

Another pro to the local breeder is that you may have the opportunity to visit and bond with your baby before they are ready to leave their parents. Some breeders will allow you to come by as often as you like in the weeks leading up to taking your new baby home. You can also vet the parakeet’s living conditions and make sure you get a parakeet from someone you feel comfortable with – who will also probably also be able to answer all your questions about caring for parakeets, and might even be available to you after the fact for further questions.

Some cons about home based breeders
– It can be hard to find a reputable home-based breeder. There are people breeding parakeets out of their homes who do not have a lot of experience and/or don’t take much care, and that could result in sick or injured babies.  You also need to be sure they are not breeding closely related parakeets.  In this instance, you have to do your due diligence, make sure you visit them and that the parakeets are well-kept, clean, healthy and that you are comfortable with the set-up and the breeder.
– There’s a perception that a hand-fed or frequently handled baby will be easier to tame/friendlier to humans.  This is not always the case and you may be in for a disappointment! Our small breeder girl is much meaner than our pet store girl.  Some things are just down to the individual parakeet’s personality.  Our breeder was working on some great color mutations with our parakeet’s clutch and sometimes we jokingly wish she’d been working on temperament instead!

I don’t have a ton of cons for the small breeder, just be sure you do your research and feel good about the conditions of the birds being bred and how the babies are raised.

Big box pet store:
Compared to the other options it is extremely easy to get a parakeet from a big pet store. Just decide today’s the day and go to the pet store.  Literally no one will ask you if you are qualified to purchase a parakeet or have anything prepared in your home to care for it.  The parakeet will be extremely affordable and may even be “on sale”.

If you take a day or two, you can cruise by every pet store in your vicinity and make a selection from upwards of 50 parakeets. Although you may not be able to handle them beforehand, you can observe for as long as you like and get a sense of the personality of each bird.

You also can choose from a lot of different color mutations, and additionally, if you want one sex or another you will certainly find what you are looking for.

Although their living conditions will likely not be ideal, you can also easily ascertain whether the parakeets are kept clean and comfortable.  By knowing what to look for you can also visually check to see that the parakeets are healthy.

There are, of course, some cons associated:
– These parakeets have likely never been handled by humans.  They were raised by their parents until ready to go and then packed into boxes and shipped off.  They are about as feral as it gets and it can take months of hard work to gain their trust.  (Counter point – winning their trust is one of the MOST rewarding experiences you can ever imagine)
– Their living and breeding conditions were probably not great, thus increasing the chance of injured or sick birds. Some injuries and illnesses may not be visible at the time of purchase.
– Inability to tell whether the parakeet has been bred from closely related parakeets.
– Lack of support during and post purchase – with the home based breeder and the rescue you will have a point of contact that could help answer your questions about your new parakeet. Big pet stores do not typically offer that kind of service, and in fact most of the employees know next to nothing about parakeets.
– By purchasing your parakeet at a chain pet store you perpetuate the system of potentially unethical breeding and over-breeding.  I’ve done this myself, so I am certainly not casting stones. With so many parakeets in need of homes, it can be seen as a “bad” thing to support the system.

Final Thoughts:
Since parakeets are fairly addictive, once you start you’ll probably have an opportunity to try every method of acquisition.  For a first-timer, my recommendation would be to find a local or home-based breeder, I believe that you’ll get a lot more support pre and potentially post-purchase.  As superior a choice as adopting parakeets from a shelter is, I think the desire to have a baby parakeet to bond with is inescapable and valid as well, particularly for a first time owner.

To be fair, I also felt it was pretty magical picking out our Petsmart baby, and I want to give them a shout-out for having clean living conditions and friendly (if not particularly knowledgeable) employees.  I would not trade our experience of taming Toby for anything in the world, and I think the fact that we put in so much one-on-one work has made our bond with her exceptionally strong.  Although there were periods of despair along the way where it seemed like she would never trust us, the moment I realized she was excited to see me come home from work was full of unparalleled excitement and pride.

As far as drawing any conclusions – I personally think all of these options can work out perfectly well, or fail spectacularly!  There are no guarantees that any parakeet you take home will be healthy and have a good temperament.  And no matter where they come from you will have to put in work to fully tame your parakeet and maintain a bond, there is definitely no easy way out on that one!

(parakeet) girl fights

As regular readers know, I have two female parakeets (Toby and Kelly) living together in a little sorority. This is far from ideal, female parakeets tend to be more aggressive and territorial than their male counterparts. Typically you would want to either have multiple males, who would be great “bros” and just hang out and play or a male/female pairing, in which the male would naturally take a back seat and let his lady have her way.

If you want to have a larger flock than two: a. I’m very jealous because I wish my house was full of parakeets and b. from what I understand you can have a large flock of just males and they will be very happy, or almost any amount of males and females, as long as it’s an even number so everyone can pair off if they want to have close a bond with just one other parakeet.

In my experience with two females, you get a minimal amount of hanging out together, preening and regurgitating, but mostly it’s either playing separately or squabbling over various resources, regardless of the relative scarcity of the resources in question.

I don’t have the biggest flight cage on the market, but it’s certainly large enough for two to live comfortably.  I also have three water sources and two food bowls, but it really doesn’t matter, whatever Kelly has Toby wants, and vice versa.

Usually these disputes are resolved with a minimum of screaming, beak-banging displays of ownership and the occasional sword-fight of beaks, but on a rare occasion we have had some real knock down drag out melee style battles. Most recently they were fighting over a small toy while Patrick was working from home, the yelling was so loud he came out of his office to check on them and witnessed Toby tackle Kelly at the top of the cage, they both fell to the bottom and proceeded to roll around on the floor looking like something out of a cartoon.  He broke it up by speaking sharply to them and also removed the toy.

It also doesn’t help that Kelly has been in breeding condition, which Toby somehow manages to never go fully into, thank goodness.  I have to be so careful about not giving them any toy or hut that is nest-like or can easily be perched on and defended.

I made precisely that mistake with this Sea Grass Hut, which was on a play gym, so I rationalized that limiting their time with it would keep it from becoming an embattled object.  For a while they would play on it and hang out very companionably, looking every bit like a little girl gang.

parakeet girl gang

Of course as Kelly got further into nest mode the sea grass hut became “hers” and she began defending it viciously.  The last incident she bit Toby’s toe hard and I was concerned she had caused a serious injury, Toby immediately retreated to the cage and wouldn’t put weight on that foot.  There was no visible damage and after a short while Toby was totally back to normal. The sea grass hut was immediately removed and no other item has created quite that much ire.

A lot of people, many of them parakeet experts who I respect, would say that Toby and Kelly should never be housed together, and that the aggression will inevitably escalate until one of them becomes a murderer.

I do have a Small Vision Bird Cage as well as our original Prevue Park Plaza Bird Cage that they could be separated into if the need arose, but the times they are so sweet to one another makes me want to keep them together. Also I know they like sleeping in the same cage (once finished with their perch dominance routine) and I believe it makes them feel safer. As much as they squabble when they are “at home” they really do enjoy each other’s company.  I have to accept that I’m perpetuating a potentially dangerous situation, and I need to be able to live with my decisions if something does go drastically wrong someday.

Weighing the options I think the risk is worth the reward, knowing how unsettled Toby was when she lived alone and how much Kelly has enhanced Toby’s ability to try new things and explore. In a perfect world I would get them each a mature male boyfriend and expand the flock, but with my husband’s allergies there’s no way he could handle the 100% increase in feathers!

parakeet girl fight
we fight!
parakeet girls kissing
but we also love!

Cleaning up after budgies – tips to make every day easier

Even just a couple of budgies can make a pretty big mess!  Here’s the schedule I follow so it never gets out of hand and I only spend a small amount of time on a daily basis.

Daily:
AM
– refresh water and food bowls, if any of them are contaminated with poop change out for fresh bowls.

PM
– Wipe down cage bars with a damp paper towel anywhere there is visible poop or any other mess
– Wipe down dirty looking perches and toys
– Freshen water and check to see if food bowls are free of poop
– Remove top sheet of Bird Cage Liners from cage tray and give the poops a once-over to check for any health issues
vacuum (more than once per day during molting)
Feed a fruit or veggie snack and clean up after that as well
– Hunt for floor poops and clean up as needed.

Weekly (usually on a Saturday or Sunday):
– Remove perches and scrub with a tiny bit of mild dish soap and hot water using a Hard and Soft Side Vegetable Brush.  This tool is perfect for getting poop out of the crevices of a cement or natural perch.  Of course it should be kept well-separate from a veggie scrubber that’s used for human or budgie vegetables!
– Remove and wipe down toys, and examine for any loose threads or other ways that the parakeets could get caught or otherwise injure themselves. Rotate or retire toys as needed for mental stimulation.
– Wash all bowls and Lixit Bird Waterers  with hot water and mild dish soap
– Wipe down all cage bars
– Provide parakeets with a couple of bathing options, hanging bath, and Tupperware bath, for instance. Clean up water mess afterwards.
– Wipe down play gyms and window perches

As needed
– Remove all toys and perches from cage and thoroughly hose down cage.  Use scrubber to remove poop from all cage crevices.

Additionally, if you have a grate on the floor of your cage I recommend wiping that down every other day at least and taking it out for a complete cleaning weekly.  I took mine out to increase the usable cage space for our parakeet and also to encourage foraging behavior, but a great side effect was much easier clean-up for me.

It looks like quite a lot laid out that way, but I never feel overwhelmed by a mess or by the amount of work I have to do to keep up after the budgies.  Mine are very territorial, so I usually try to wipe everything down as soon as I let them out in the afternoon.  That way they are enjoying flying around and exercising while I’m hastily tidying their cage and not getting my hands bit!

Let me know if I missed any critical steps!